On February 15, 1989, the last Soviet troops left Afghanistan. They were sent there in December 1979. The Kremlin hoped to quickly quell an uprising against the pro-Soviet regime in Kabul, but failed to defeat the Mujahideen insurgents in more than nine years. For the USSR, this resulted in the death of 15,000 to 30,000 soldiers, a major political defeat, and an intensification of the internal crisis. In the end, the Afghan war was one of the factors that accelerated the collapse of the Soviet Union. Babel recalls the history of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in the archive photographs.